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Climate Change | Drinking Water | General Water | Watershed - Stormwater | Water Pollution | Groundwater  | Smart Growth, Land Use and Water  | Invasive Plants | Social Marketing

Drinking Water

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Penn State Cooperative Extension offers a variety of helpful materials on drinking water and private wells: Information and Recorded Webinars on Pre-Drill Parameters of Oil and Gas, Interpreting Gas Drilling Water Tests, Gas Well Drilling and Your Private Water Supply, and a research project on Water Wells Near Gas Drilling. Click Here for more Information on drinking water, getting water tested, and issues of concern from gas well drilling.

There are no statewide regulations for private water systems in Pennsylvania--management is entirely voluntary and the responsibility of the homeowner.


Common Waters

(Pinchot Institute for Conservation, 2 pp, 2011)

Conserving clean water, natural places and working lands through cooperation, education and research.

Pharmaccutical Disposal and Water Quality

Pharmaceutical Disposal and Water Quality

(Penn State Extension, 4 pp, 2010)

Discusses how to keep drugs out of drinking water

Proper Disposal of Prescription Drugs

Proper Disposal of Prescription Drugs

(Office of National Drug Control Policy, 1p, October 2009)

Federal Guidelines for drug disposal

Disposal of Medicines, Viamins and Other Supplements

Disposal of Medicines, Vitamins and Other Supplements Properly in Frederick County

(US EPA, 2 pp, 2009)

Public information flyer on proper drug disposal




Drinking Water From Household Wells

(US EPA, 19 pgs. 2002)

Guide with illustrations to help private well owners understand all aspects about their well - where drinking water comes from, what can pollute the well, and how to care for a private well to ensure safe drinking water.

Protecting Public Drinking Water Sources

Protecting Public Drinking Water Sources

Powerpoint from WREN Source Water Protection Workshop, 3-9-10

Source Water Protection

Source Water Protection: Developing a Plan that Works for You

Powerpoint from WREN Source Water Protection Workshop, 3-9-10


BOTTLED WATER: FDA Safety and Consumer Protections Are Often Less Stringent Than Comparable EPA Protections for Tap Water

(GAO, GAO-09-861T, 2009, 8 pp)

Statement of John Stephenson, GAO Director Natural Resources and Environment, to House of Representatives subcommittee -discussed lack of regulation to ensure safety of bottled water

Quality of Water from Domestic Wells

Quality of Water from Domestic Wells in Principal Aquifers of the United States, 1991–2004, Overview of Major Findings

(USGS, 2009, 58 pp)

This recent study found that over 20% of the private wells sampled contained at least one contaminant at levels of concern for potential health issues.

See also Quality of Water from Public Water Supply Wells in the US, 1993-2007

Source Water Protection Becoming a Top Priority for Townships

Source Water Protection Becoming a Top Priority for Townships

(PA Township News, December 2008, 4 pp)

EPA's Andrea Bennett looks at township efforts to protect drinking water sources.

Drinking Water Quality in Rural Pennsylvania and the Effect of Management Practices

Drinking Water Quality in Rural Pennsylvania
and the Effect of Management Practices

(Center for Rural PA, 2009, 24 pp) 

Reports on a study conducted to better understand the prevalence and
causes of private well contamination and to evaluate the role of
regulatory versus voluntary management of private wells. Results from this study suggest a combination of educational programs for homeowners and new regulations are needed to overcome the largest barriers to safe drinking water.

Landwater Whitepaper Sept 2008

Statistical Analysis of Drinking Water Treatment Plant Costs, Source Water Quality, and Land Cover Characteristics

(US EPA, USDA Forest Service, The Trust for Public Land, 30 pp, 2008)

a technical paper offering insight on the impact of the decline of forest cover and the increase of agriculture or urban land coverin a watershed on water quality and drinking water treatment costs.


Talking to Your Customers about Chronic Contaminants thumbnail


Talking to your Customers about Chronic Contaminants
(US EPA, 2 pp, 2007)
a guide to help public water systems communicate with the public about drinking water risks.

Path to Protection

Path to Protection - Ten Strategies for Successful Source Water Protection

(Trust for Public Land, 2005, 23 pp.)

Summarizes successful strategies from five source water protection demonstration projects funded by EPA.

Link to PDF

Protecting the Source
(Trust for Public Land and The American Water Works Association, 2004, 56 pp.)
Promotes land conservation as a critical approach to drinking water protection. Explores rationales for using land conservation for drinking water protection and presents best practices.

Conserving Forest  to Protect Water

Conserving Forest to Protect Water

(American Water Works Association, May 2004, 5 pp)

Cover of Running Pure -- click to open PDF

Running Pure
(World Bank and World Wildlife Fund International, 2003, 112 pp.) Identifies forests as a necessity for source water protection in a study of 105 city water supplies.


Strategic Planning: A Handbook for Small Water Systems
( US EPA, 2003, 30 pp, pub no. 816-R-03-015) designed to help small drinking water systems meet public expectations and regulatory requirements while maintaining organizational and financial stability.



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