WREN - Water Resources Network links.html Resources/Grants Local Projects calendar.html Monthly Feature About Wren Home

Online Library
(immediate access
Water drop Publications
Water drop WREN E-news
Water drop Water Policy News
Water drop Water Graphics
Water drop Products from Local Projects

Reference Websites

Water dropSocial Marketing websites
Water dropNonpoint Source Pollution
Water drop Source Water Protection
Water drop Program Evaluation
Water drop Rain Garden and Rain Barrel Websites

Resources you can order from WREN
Water drop Videos
Water drop Publications

Resources available from other sources
Water drop Publications
Water drop Great Outreach Tools

Contribute a photo

Sign up for our monthly e-mail update



Library Publications - for immediate access

Climate Change | Drinking Water | General Water | Watershed - Stormwater | Water Pollution | Groundwater  | Smart Growth, Land Use and Water | Invasive Plants | Social Marketing

Smart Growth, Low Impact Development, Land Use and Water

EPA Low Impact Development (LID) "Barrier Busters" Fact Sheet Series - released Jan 2013

EPA released a fact sheet series on the benefits of Low Impact Development (LID) and addressing obstacles to wider adoption of LID. They are available at http://water.epa.gov/polwaste/green/bbfs.cfm

This seven-part series of fact sheets is primarily intended for state and local decision makers who are considering adoption of Low Impact Development (LID), but who have concerns with LID. These fact sheets explain the benefits of LID in clear terms and through examples. Specific fact sheets in this series directly address specific concerns that have been raised about adopting LID, thereby busting barriers.

Click on Image below to Access Publications

Financing Stormwater Retrofits in Philadelphia and Beyond  

newLeading the Way to Cleaner Water Through Innovative Financing, Publication Date: February 15, 2012

Stormwater runoff is one of the main causes of urban waterway pollution. The Clean Water Act requires cities to take measures to mitigate runoff, but most of the traditional solutions are expensive. NRDC’s new report examines how governments can create incentives for property owners to install green solutions by establishing a parcel-based stormwater billing structure, as Philadelphia has. The NRDC report details solutions and documents three financing models that hold promise.

2006 Rooftops to Rivers Report

NRDC Nov. 2011 update to its 2006 Rooftops to Rivers Report (134 pgs).

Report shows how communities across the country are using innovative green infrastructure techniques to stop water pollution. These cities have determined that green infrastructure is a more cost effective approach than investing in "gray," or conventional, infrastructure, such as underground storage systems and pipes. At the same time, each dollar of investment in green infrastructure delivers other benefits that conventional infrastructure cannot, including more flood resilience and, where needed, augmented local water supply. Chapter 3 offers cost/benefit information about the economics of green infrastructure as a more cost-effective approach to manage polluted runoff, reduce combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and stormwater runoff at a lower cost than conventional infrastructure alternatives alone. Includes case studies for 14 cities considered green infrastructure leaders, using a six-point “Emerald City Scale” that identified the six key actions that cities should take to become cleaner and greener. (Philadelphia was ranked #1, and Pittsburgh was included among the 14 case studies).

the Value of Green  

The Value of Green Infrastructure (American Rivers & Center for Neighborhood Technology, 2011, 80 pp)

Link to http://www.americanrivers.org/library/reports-publications/the-value-of-green-infrastructure.html

Green infrastructure (GI) is a network of decentralized stormwater management practices, such as green roofs, trees, rain gardens and permeable pavement, that can capture and infiltrate rain where it falls, thus reducing stormwater runoff and improving the health of surrounding waterways. Communities are recognizing the multiple benefits of using green infrastructure to take the stress off the aging, crumbling and overloaded conventional or “gray” infrastructure that is often the case with their water and wastewater treatment facilities. With this guidebook, the Center for Neighborhood Technology and American Rivers have, for the first time, pulled together the existing research on green infrastructure benefit valuation and developed a framework that will allow local communities to assess the local benefits of green infrastructure. The guide allows communities to make more educated investments in green infrastructure for the future by helping them evaluate the full range of benefits from sustainable approaches to water management.

Large Landscape Conservation: A Strategic Framework for Policy and Action

Large Landscape Conservation: A Strategic Framework for Policy and Action

(Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2010, 56 pp)

The most important land and water issues facing North America—including land use patterns, water management, biodiversity protection, and climate adaptation—require new approaches.

This Report summarizes discussion held in 2009 to synthesize what we know about large landscape conservation and to identify the most important needs as we move forward.

Read about on-going large landscape initiatives in the Northeast

The Economic Value of Open Space in Southeastern PA

The Economic Value of Open Space in Southeastern Pennsylvania

(Green Space Alliance and DVRPC, 2010, 70 pp)

Among the findings: - Southeastern Pennsylvania realizes nearly $61 million in annual cost savings from protected open spaces’ ability to naturally filter out pollutants and replenish water supply. The total annual benefit generated by natural flood mitigation services is more than $37 million.

This report is the first to quantify the economic value of protected open space in the five-county area-- Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery and Philadelphia counties.

Alternation of streamflow magnitudes and potentioal ecological consequences

Alteration of streamflow magnitudes and potential ecological consequences: a multiregional assessment

(USGS, Journal article in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2010, 11 pp)

Most River Flows across the U.S. are Altered by Land and Water Management, Leading to Ecological Degradation—This USGS assessment provides the most geographically extensive analysis to date of streamflow alteration. Findings show that the amount of water flowing in streams and rivers has been significantly altered from land and water management in nearly 90 percent of waters that were assessed in the nationwide USGS study.  Flow alterations are a primary contributor to degraded river ecosystems and loss of native species whose survival and reproduction are tightly linked to specific flow conditions.

Putting Green to Work

Putting Green to Work: Economic Recovery Investments for Clean and Reliable Water

(American Rivers, 2010, 24 pp)

evaluates the groundbreaking water infrastructure investment in green infrastructure pioneered under the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) that provided $1.2 billion for green infrastructure, water and energy efficiency, and environmental innovation.

Read more about Green Infrastructure Funding.


Essential Smart Growth Fixes

Essential Smart Growth Fixes for Urban and Suburban Zoning Codes

(US EPA, 2009, 45 pp)

identifies and suggest solutions for the most common code and ordinance barriers faced by governments as they try to implement smart growth techniques.


Putting Smart Growth to Work in Rural Communities

(ICMA, International City/County Management Association, 36 pp, 2010)

highlights smart growth strategies that can help guide rural growth while preserving the unique rural character of existing communities

Golf Course Water Resorces Handbook

Golf Course Water Resources Handbook of Best Management Practices
(LandStudies, Inc. and The Pennsylvania Environmental Council, 2009, 59 pp)

provides a concise overview of 18 Best Management Practices (BMPs) to help improve and protect water resources.

Impact of Land Use on the Cost of Drinking Water

Impact of Land Use on the Cost of Drinking Water

(Trust for Public Land, Center for Land and Water30 pp., 2008)

Fact Sheet thumbnail

Reducing Stormwater Costs through Low Impact Development (LID) Strategies and Practices
(US EPA, EPA 841-F-07-006, 37 pp, 2007)

Fact Sheet, 2 pages, available here. Visit www.epa.gov/owow/nps/lid/costs07 for the full report

County Water Quality Issue Brief

Using GIS Tools to Link Land Use Decisions to Water Resources Protection

(National Association of Counties, 2007, 20 pp)

Provides a list of commonly used GIS tools available to link land use decisions to water resources protection. Five county case studies are profiled.


Protecting Water Resources with High Density Development

(US EPA, 2006, 45 pp.)

How communities can protect water resources while accomodating growing populations.

Available from EPA's National Center for Environmental Publications. E-mail nscep@bps-lmit.com or call 1-800-490-9198 and request EPA publication 231-R-06-001.

Or visit http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/pdf/protect_water_higher_density.pdf

Using Smart Growth Techniques as Stormwater Best Management Practices

Using Smart Growth Techniques as Stormwater Best Management Practices

(US EPA, 2005, 110 pp.)

How communities can integrate smart growth practices into stormwater planning and compliance.

Available from EPA's National Center for Environmental Publications. E-mail nscep@bps-lmit.com or call 1-800-490-9198 and request EPA publication 231-B-05-002. Or visit www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/

Protecting Water Book

Protecting Water Resources with Smart Growth

(US EPA,  2004, 116 pp)

Discusses Smart Growth tools useful for water resource protection.  Available from EPA's National Center for Environmental Publications. E-mail nscep@bps-lmit.com or call 1-800-490-9198 and request EPA publication 231-R-04-002. Or visit www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/


Paving Our Way to Water Shortages: How Sprawl Aggravates the Effects of Drought
(American Rivers, Natural Resources Defense Council, Smart Growth America, 2003, 31 pp) Examines suburbanized areas and calculates groundwater losses due to increases in impervious surfaces.



Sign up for Water Policy News and WREN E-News
Learn more

Home | About WREN | Features | Q&A | Grants
Calendar | Local Projects | Resources/Library | Links

Need to contact us or want to share your feedback?
Send an e-mail to: info@palwv.org

Copyright © 1997-2011 - League of Women Voters of PA Citizen Education Fund

You can also visit the Source Water PA site and the
League of Women Voters of Pennsylvania site